HI-TECH DAIRY FARMING IN U.S.A.
TRENDS IN United States DAIRY INDUSTRY
A quick look at the dairy industry in developed countries shows a trend to fewer, but larger and more productive herds. In the 40 years period from 1955 to 1995, the number of dairy farms in the United States decreased from 27,00,000 to 137,000; while the average herd size increased from eight to 69 cows. Milk production per cow increased from less than 2,727 KG per cow per year to more than 7,273 KG.
Currently, several herds in the United States have rolling herd averages for milk in excess of 14,000 KG(average total milk yield per cow per lactation). The key elements, which are leading to higher production levels, are:
- Ultimate cow comfort
- Increase in genetic potential, and
- Nutritional and production enhancement technologies.
More or less the same trend is followed in other developed and developing countries as well, except in India. It may be noted that here we are not talking about the dairy development in Europe, USA or Israel, but about the Middle Eastern desert countries like Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Oman and Kuwait where they have some world’s largest ultra-modern Integrated Commercial Dairy Farms.
With the extreme climatic conditions in these desert countries where the temperatures in summer soar above 55 Degree C and drop down to 5 Degree C in winter, with bone chilling drafts. In spite of such adverse weather conditions and with severe shortage of cultivable land and water resources, the kind of commercially viable and world-class Integrated Dairy Farming activity these countries are carrying out is beyond anyone’s imagination.